Medical CBD: Structure, Effects, and Health Benefits

After almost 60 years of a ban in a number of European countries, Canada and the USA, hemp regained its reputation as a useful plant and permission was granted for cultivation. However, the legalization of marijuana has increased pressure from supporters to, once again, ban cannabis as a narcotic substance. But there are always two sides of the coin. It is important to find the line between «good» and «evil», to understand how medical cannabinoid and recreational cannabis differ from each other? And what CBD-containing medical products can be used for?

We Can Produce Cannabinoids

In every human body, there are receptors СB1 and CB2 and an entire endocannabinoid system, that produces its own neurotransmitters — endocannabinoids. They transmit impulses from one cell to another — serotonin and dopamine act in a similar manner.

The endocannabinoid system is an auxiliary mechanism. It controls nothing, but it supports the general condition of the nervous system and has an indirect influence, for example, on appetite. Therefore, after taking marijuana you might want to eat everything you see.

Endocannabinoids are also activated after running or exercise, reducing anxiety and stress. They emulate the effect we go to yoga to feel, after a hard day at work.

Thus, there is no reason to be afraid of cannabinoids – they already exist in our bodies. To make sure they are harmless, let’s look at the medical definitions of CBD.

What Does CBD Stand for in Medical Terms?

The first thing we should mention is that it is impossible to distinguish between medical and recreational CBD without conducting special equipment. At Green Papas, we always make sure that all of our products are high-quality medical substances that will help you to take care of your health and nervous system. Each product is tested by an ISO certified Lab. So, if you want to purchase a top-level CBD product, visit Green Papas.

With regard to medically defining CBD, the main difference between recreational and restorative is the high (up to 8%) level of CBD against the low (less than 0.3%) accumulation of THC in medical varieties. In psychoactive varieties, the content of these compounds is the opposite. However, it all depends on the disease, which is treated with CBD-containing products; there are varieties that contain a high level of THC.

But what does CBD stand for in medical terms? Cannabidiol is a non-intoxicating cannabinoid that can be found in nature. High CBD medical cannabis, that contains a small amount of THC, is commonly used in the treatment of epilepsy and in reducing inflammatory processes in the body. Moreover, it can be used in cases where its often intoxicating effect is unacceptable – for example, in the treatment of children or the elderly.

medical cbd

Medical CBD with elevated levels of THC is used among patients with mental conditions (anxiety, depression) or problems with sleep. Medical hemp is grown, dried and packaged under sterile conditions and is thoroughly tested for pesticides and heavy metals. In other words, the approach to medical hemp is similar to the requirements of any other herbal medicine.

Medical research on CBD shows its benefits as a therapeutic substance. Let’s take a closer look at some of the benefits of medical CBD.

Medical Benefits of CBD

There is a lot of controversial information about cannabidiol (CBD), which represents only one cannabinoid contained in hemp (there are more than 133 of them). Unlike tetrahydrocannabinol, it does not have psychotropic effects but is believed to relieve inflammation and pain better than many other medications. Is that really the case? Are there more medical benefits of CBD? Let’s take a closer look.

Science has indisputable evidence that CBD is effective in the long-term treatment of epilepsy. The medical benefits of CBD, in such cases, is not overrated.

Thus, a study conducted at Indiana University showed that CBD works perfectly with Lennox-Gastaut syndrome and Dravet syndrome — two types of epilepsy that are caused by genetic mutations. During the experiments, researchers discovered that CBD can inhibit the flow of sodium ions in inflamed nerve cells with sodium channels (they are the cause of seizures in these forms of epilepsy). At the same time, medical cannabinoid does not seem to affect healthy cells.

Researchers are finding more and more reasons to conclude that CBD has medical benefits in the field of pain relief. There have been a lot of medical studies on CBD. For example, CBD injections prevented and eliminated mechanical allodynia — a type of pain we experience when clothes touch a burned area of skin — among laboratory mice.

A new study on the same topic, conducted at McGill University, shows that consumption of CBD orally yielded the same results in mice. And yet another research study suggests that its local application can reduce the inflammation in rodents with arthritis.

If you are planning on buying some CBD-containing products for health or medical purposes, take a look at Green Papas. We offer a wide selection of cannabidiol-enriched tinctures and balms, that will help you maintain balance and strength in your body.

Medical Use of CBD

In 1999, the Institute of Medicine, which is sponsored by the United States government, revealed the advantageous properties of cannabis in helping people cope with nausea, which can be caused by chemotherapy. It also helped with exhaustion caused by AIDS. Since 1999, scientists around the world have conducted numerous studies to show that cannabis has an analgesic effect. And in 1996, California became the first state to legalize the medical usage of marijuana.

Let’s take a look at the medical use of CBD: where can it be helpful? Marijuana acts in the human body, in a certain way, because humans (and, by the way, many animals) have cannabinoid receptors. The main action of cannabis perceives receptors CB1 (present mainly in nerve cells) and CB2R (present mainly in immune cells). But CBD doesn’t affect any of them.

On the other hand, cannabidiol acts on some of the other receptors. For example, the serotonin receptor 5-HT1A. CBD has the potential ability to regulate mood, sleep, and also relieve pain and anxiety. However, scientists don’t know exactly how CBD works in the body yet. So, there’s still no clear understanding of CBD’s specific abilities and effects.

medical cbd

Medical CBD has performed well in the treatment of psychosomatic conditions as an anti-anxiety agent. Often it helps with pain symptoms and all sorts of neurology problems, such as causeless headaches.

Scientists have concluded that CBD has the potential to treat obsessive-compulsive, post-traumatic and anxiety disorders. However, the experiments were mainly carried out on animals or small groups of people.

Cannabidiol had good results in an experiment, where people who were diagnosed with social phobia had to give public speeches. The CBD group was noticeably less worried than those who tried to cope with their fear without medication or after taking a placebo. Another study involving humans showed that cannabidiol has antipsychotic properties and has potential in the treatment of schizophrenia.

CBD can also be used as an analgesic but is certainly not a substitute for all analgesics or anticonvulsants. In experiments on rats, cannabidiol established itself as a remedy for arthritis pain. There is no reason to believe that CBD has the same effect on neuropathic health problems. Such problems often occur in the background of other diseases, such as cancer or diabetes, due to the fact that cannabidiol does not result in increased tolerance, as with many other classic drugs.

Steps to Take if CBD-Products Are Needed

If you decide to use some of the CBD-containing products in your treatment, you should ask your doctor: do you need a medical card for CBD treatment? That depends on the type of product you plan to use.

Many mistakenly believe that doctors are obliged to prescribe CBD-containing products to their patients. However, federal law does not allow prescribing any marijuana product. In certain cases, such a prescription might cost your doctor their license.

If you are worried that you might be accused of doing something illegal by using medical grade CBD-products, you can get a medical card. However, drug tests very rarely detect THC in CBD users, unless you are taking the drug too much. A medical card will protect you from losing your job, in the rare case of a positive drug test. In addition, over half the states and territories in the U.S. have made medical cannabis legal, the patient just has to register for the state’s medical marijuana card.

But there are products that do not require you to have such a card. For example, if you are planning to use CBD hemp oil, you don’t need a medical card. People that use marijuana for treating some medical conditions can legally purchase CBD-containing oils. Containing naturally high CBD and low THC, hemp oils contain the same levels of CBD as the oils sold in medical marijuana dispensaries.


Medical cannabis has proven its effectiveness in curing oncology, epilepsy, sclerosis, and diabetes. It helps in relieving local symptoms such as pain relief, spasms, improved sleep and appetite, relief of depression, anxiety and stress. However, this segment of the pharmaceutical industry is only at the beginning of the road and official medical research is still lacking. There is only a small amount of statistical data on both the positive and negative side effects of CBD.

Therefore, any edibles, cosmetics and personal care products with cannabidiol should be tested several times for safe usage and potential risks. In general, the medical use of CBD should be carried out only under medical supervision and with the permission of a trained specialist.

When you have consulted with your doctor and are 100% ready to use CBD-containing products, visit Green Papas. Here you will find everything you need – from cbd oils to high-quality edibles and cbd vape cartridges.